Course Description:

The course will familiarize students with the principles of neurophysiology, including:

  1. The Organization of the Nervous System, Basic Functions of Synapses, and Neurotransmitters
  2. Sensory Receptors, Neuronal Circuits for Processing Information
  3. Somatic Sensations:. General Organization, the Tactile and Position Senses
  4. Pain, Headache, and Thermal Sensations
  5. The Eye:  Optics of Vision
  6. The Eye:  Receptor and Neural Function of the Retina
  7. The Eye: Central Neurophysiology of Vision
  8. The Sense of Hearing
  9. The Chemical Senses—Taste and Smell
  10. Motor Functions of the Spinal Cord; the Cord Reflexes
  11. Cortical and Brain Stem Control of Motor Function
  12. Contributions of the Cerebellum and Basal Ganglia to Overall Motor Control
  13. Cerebral Cortex, Intellectual Functions of the Brain, Learning, and Memory
  14. Behavioral and Motivational Mechanisms of the Brain—The Limbic System and the Hypothalamus
  15. States of Brain Activity—Sleep, Brain Waves, Epilepsy, Psychoses, and Dementia
  16. The Autonomic Nervous System and the Adrenal Medulla
  17. Cerebral Blood Flow, Cerebrospinal Fluid, and Brain Metabolism

Learning Outcomes:

Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to:

  1. Discuss the physiology of the nerve cells, their interconnections and the principles of cellular excitability.
  2. Describe the molecular mechanism of cellular contraction and relaxation.
  3. Describe the physiological control mechanisms and regulation of the body temperature.
  4. Describe the general operational role of the nervous system and the individual functions carried out by afferent and efferent pathways.
  5. Explain the anatomical components of the nerves and the mechanisms that are involved in the execution of all superior brain functions.
  6. Carry out a basic neurological examination.